Foundational Ideas

The Inevitable Proliferation of Decentralized Systems
In response to the increasing centralization of services, distributed ledgers and decentralized systems have emerged as transformative forces in social and economic systems[1]. These systems cannot be controlled or shut down by any government or traditionally authoritative body, although they may face prohibitions. Indeed, decentralization offers significant benefits across various systems and platforms. One advantage is increased fault tolerance, as decentralized systems rely on multiple independent components, minimizing the risk of accidental failures. Furthermore, decentralization enhances attack resistance by making it more costly and difficult to target and manipulate the system, as there are no vulnerable central points. Additionally, decentralization promotes collusion resistance, making it challenging for participants to collude and act in ways that benefit themselves at the expense of others. Unlike centralized entities, decentralized systems foster a more equitable and transparent environment. These inherent advantages of decentralization contribute to the overall stability, security, and fairness of the system, benefiting developers, users, and stakeholders alike.The rapid proliferation of decentralized systems will continue because they create economic opportunities for users and creators. While Bitcoin was the spearhead and Ethereum the catalyst to disrupt financial systems, decentralized systems will transform countless industries and markets. The growing disillusionment with large organizations, particularly banks, stems from concrete reasons such as concerns about data privacy, security breaches, high transaction fees, and the lack of transparency. These shortcomings have driven individuals and businesses to seek out decentralized systems as a desirable alternative that offers greater control over personal data, lower transaction costs, enhanced security, and increased transparency. As a result, the adoption of decentralized systems is gaining momentum, paving the way for significant transformations across various sectors.
In the Future, There Will Be Many Blockchains
Previously, Bitcoin maximalists propagated the idea of a single dominant blockchain that could rule over all forms of digital money. Soon after, Ethereum maximalists envisioned a dual-world scenario, with two blockchains coexisting in a somewhat monogamous matrimony. However, the continuous growth of Ethereum, the use of layer 2 scaling solutions, market competition seeking better technological alternatives, and the emergence of special use cases have shattered the notion of a limited blockchain landscape.Today, the blockchain ecosystem is witnessing a proliferation of purpose-built blockchains designed to cater to specific industries and applications. These alternative blockchains are developed with specific features and functionalities, targeting sectors such as finance, gaming, social media, data storage, and more. This competition with Ethereum has sparked innovation and created a diverse range of blockchain options beyond Bitcoin and Ethereum.
Opinions on the number of blockchains in the future vary widely, from a handful to the idea of a Cambrian explosion creating possibly thousands of blockchains. However, there is a prevailing consensus within the crypto community that multiple blockchains will exist in the future[5].